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Receding gums: what causes them and how to treat them

Receding gums are a common dental problem. While some oral pathologies appear suddenly, receding gums are not immediately recognizable or perceptible.

Do you think you may be experiencing receding gums? The dentists at Clinique Dentaire 1935 are here to provide an overview of this common problem.

What are receding gums?

Scientifically speaking, receding gums, also known as gingival recession, is a progressive exposure of the root surface of a tooth as a result of an apical displacement of the gum, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.

This change in the position of the gums, which gradually retract as the pathology progresses, makes the teeth appear longer.

This illusion stems from receding gums causing the tissue surrounding the tooth to shrink, revealing the tooth root and dentin.

How do you know if you have receding gums?

On account of the visible aesthetic consequences, receding gums can be easily identified by the naked eye. However, various other symptoms may also indicate this condition:

  • Dental sensitivity to cold, hot or acidic foods
  • Teeth that appear longer
  • Increased space between the teeth
  • Appearance of the tooth root
  • Pain in the gums, which can become red and swollen

What causes receding gums?

There are several factors that can cause the onset of receding gums, which usually occur in adulthood:

  • Brushing your teeth too vigorously
  • Using a toothbrush with (too) hard bristles
  • Lack of flossing between the teeth
  • Smoking
  • Bruxism

How can receding gums be treated?

Despite the consequences, receding gums can be treated with appropriate dental care.

The first thing to do is regular cleaning and scaling. Regular dental check-ups at a dental office will help remove tartar and clean the gum and periodontal pockets in your mouth.

Using a soft-bristled toothbrush and adopting the right brushing method is another way to avoid trauma to the gums.

Choosing the right toothpaste and cleaning the spaces between your teeth is also important.

Gum care to treat receding gums

When the gums recede too much, the patient may have to resort to gum care such as tissue grafting to resolve the condition.

This procedure strengthens and stabilizes the gum that is attached to the tooth. It also protects the tooth from loosening and reduces tooth sensitivity.

In some cases, it also helps restore the appearance of the smile.

Take care of your oral health and avoid receding gums

Receding gums are a condition that can go unnoticed in the early stages. When it comes to oral health, the best cure is prevention.

Visit your dentist regularly and you’ll maximize your chances of having a healthy mouth, year after year.

This concludes our overview. We hope you’ve enjoyed this brief presentation of the topic. We look forward to seeing you again in another article!

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